Vitenskap og teknologi

Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

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There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
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Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
Editor: Levi Butner
Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
Sources:
Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
web.archive.org/web/20120105085146/public.web.cern.ch/public/en/spotlight/SpotlightAandD-en.html
Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
Questions at CERN
public-archive.web.cern.ch/en/LHC/WhyLHC-en.html
Creating Antihidrogen:
home.cern/science/physics/antimatter/storing-antihydrogen
public-archive.web.cern.ch/en/LHC/WhyLHC-en.html

Kommentarer 

  1. Lone Wolf

    Lone Wolf

    3 timer siden

    Our future will be safe making this kind destructive energy? I hope so. I love science but science has enemies too. If this antimatter got into wrong hands? plz i bag for the future generations and humanity. KEEP IT SAFE.

  2. XSkillerX99

    XSkillerX99

    4 timer siden

    Wait, if annihilation occurs if anti matter touches any matter then wouldnt it be obvious why there is no readily available antimatter? Dust in space would Cause annihilation and if The anti matter gets too close to a planet simply touching the atmosphere would also cause annihilation meaning we can't Do anything with it so long as We Use matter for studying it

  3. Konan Konan

    Konan Konan

    6 timer siden

    +Physics Girl I think that woman is into physics girl . There is a spark isln her eyes

  4. Bob Vasquez

    Bob Vasquez

    8 timer siden

    If a nuclear plant has no power it becomes a danger. If CERN has no power cause by an NEMP or by some disaster will CERN be a danger.?

  5. ThrustFrom Behind

    ThrustFrom Behind

    10 timer siden

    Everybody: "We now have the same destructive power that the U.S once had to themselves" The U.S: *Watches this video*

  6. ThrustFrom Behind

    ThrustFrom Behind

    10 timer siden

    Antimatter: *Exists* Me: Matter killer >:)

  7. FBI

    FBI

    12 timer siden

    Great! Now I can buy it on Wish for $1

  8. Dara Shikoh

    Dara Shikoh

    14 timer siden

    I love your enthusiasm, its simply raw and pure :) Go Girl!

  9. Numb9

    Numb9

    14 timer siden

    Everything you see is vibrating light bouncing off your eyes. Raise your vibration and edit the physical

  10. Haim Ben Avraham

    Haim Ben Avraham

    18 timer siden

    Why on Earth would they want to fool around with that ' stuff'?

  11. Jerry Gundecker

    Jerry Gundecker

    21 time siden

    The most dangerous stuff on Earth is Republican politics. And it breaks the economy every time it takes effect, and jobs come only from McDonald's and Amazon warehouses. Poof! It's more expensive. Antimatter comes in second.

  12. Bakdi Abderrahmane

    Bakdi Abderrahmane

    22 timer siden

    what you people are made out of matter

  13. THGraham

    THGraham

    Dag siden

    Hmm what if each sun we see was an anti matter explosion? Which is why we don’t see any anti matter, it already had its reaction with matter, we just see the result.

  14. IMK

    IMK

    Dag siden

    I can pay any amount to buy this antimatter ... coz i have billions and trillions and quadrillions of Antidollar.... 😉

  15. Tina Corbett

    Tina Corbett

    Dag siden

    Tell a 10 year old they can't do it. They'll do it.

  16. dave mau

    dave mau

    Dag siden

    It's not dangerous but 1 spoon of it can compare to 10 nuke what a nice explanation

  17. J W Harvey

    J W Harvey

    Dag siden

    In Dan Brown's book Angels and Demons, published May 2000 this whole subject was explained very well for the lay person. This means you are almost twenty years late with this information.

  18. DysfunctionalDean

    DysfunctionalDean

    Dag siden

    I watched this and it was on 2,222.222 views... hello angel numbers 👋 If you know, you know. 🙂

  19. Fabricio Sasaki

    Fabricio Sasaki

    Dag siden

    Anti-protons cost $3 quadrillion and don't even have an Apple logo stamped on it.

  20. John Kean

    John Kean

    Dag siden

    Can someone tell me why quarks are so quirky, leptons are so lousy and bosons are such bozos. Is it _because they don't exist_ only in Planck's ( _et al_ ) imagination 🤔 that's why bosons are so elusive because they're not real.

  21. John Kean

    John Kean

    Dag siden

    Why is there never anyone around at CERN where are all the Scientists - they're supposed to be there searching for Higgs's Boson. They'll never find it in a million years especially if they don't turn up at the office: its like somebody opened the box and Schroedinger's cat wasn't inside to begin with 🤔 or when you search for them they all turn into waves and only return as particles if you stop looking for them 🤔

  22. John Kean

    John Kean

    Dag siden

    Modern Science is like a Cream Puff: just as soon as you try to eat it it crumbles away into insignificance.

  23. John Kean

    John Kean

    Dag siden

    Modern science is like a diet: you can see the Cake but you can't eat it.

  24. John Kean

    John Kean

    Dag siden

    How come modern Scientists can convince Nobel Laureate Institute but not the general public 🤔

  25. John Kean

    John Kean

    Dag siden

    Antimatter is like sleeping - its a dream ie Virtual. Like modern science: which is Philosophy.

  26. Urahara451

    Urahara451

    Dag siden

    Dianna is smart, funny, nerdy and gorgeous. Anyone know where I could find a girl like her lol?

  27. John Kean

    John Kean

    Dag siden

    Why is modern science full of stuff you can"t see or CGI

  28. Ger

    Ger

    Dag siden

    In the future China will mass produce anti matter, and them accidentally anihilate everything within a radius of a few hundred lightyears.

  29. steve Taylor

    steve Taylor

    Dag siden

    It sounds like the age old question, are there unicorns? and find out how many dwarfs can ride on the back of the unicorn, have a great day

  30. Fahd Abdul Rahman

    Fahd Abdul Rahman

    Dag siden

    CERN discovers antimatter CERN stocks and stock holders 😏

  31. iChanne

    iChanne

    Dag siden

    they a holding aliens in those boxes...

  32. Hannah Boswell

    Hannah Boswell

    Dag siden

    Off topic but I have a suspicion from the way she moves that this scientist in the zebra shirt might have EDS, she reminds me of myself and she is wearing the zebra stripes our mascot!

  33. sheffooo Productions

    sheffooo Productions

    Dag siden

    maybe we cant find antimatter cause is fillet with matter , who knows.universe has many surprises.

  34. A Rasvan

    A Rasvan

    Dag siden

    but we would measure antimatter weight in anti-grams therefore, one GRAM of antimatter would cost -$2700 trillion

  35. Big_Mike NYC

    Big_Mike NYC

    Dag siden

    So, if anti matter could be produced affordable, what would society do with it? Nuclear energy, weapons?

  36. Craig Corson

    Craig Corson

    Dag siden

    From the description: "CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year". Isn't 1e15 equal to...one? Or do I not know what I'm talking about?

    • Craig Corson

      Craig Corson

      Dag siden

      @MikeRosoftJH I give up.

    • MikeRosoftJH

      MikeRosoftJH

      Dag siden

      @Craig Corson I have written "1*10^15" for clarity because you have been confused about what the "e" means. And you are still confused. Once again: 1e15 is 10^15. It's not 1, and it's not 10^16. 10e15 is 10*10^15, or 10^16 (which can also be written using the "e" notation as 1e16).

    • Craig Corson

      Craig Corson

      Dag siden

      @MikeRosoftJH And you still have not answered my very simple question. You wrote "I have written it as 1*10^15". Of what use is the 1 in that expression? Here's a new one: if, as you claim, the e denotes 10^, then why did Elise write 1e15 when she could have, should have simply written 10^16, or 10e15?

    • MikeRosoftJH

      MikeRosoftJH

      Dag siden

      @Craig Corson So you *don't* know what the "e" represents. 1e15 is not 1, it's 10^15 (in order to make it clear what the number before the "e" represents, I have written it as 1*10^15 - just like 2e15 is 2*10^15). 10e15 is not 10^15; it's 10*10^15=10^16. The "e" does not represent the exponentiation operator (which is usually written as "^" when superscript is not available); it represents "*10^".

    • Craig Corson

      Craig Corson

      Dag siden

      @MikeRosoftJH Don't condescend. I know what the e represents. You haven't answered my question. Why did you write 1*10^15, when 10^15 is sufficient, or 10e15? As I said in my original comment, 1e15 = 1. Dianna has made an error, or rather, Elise has, whoever that is.

  37. Robert Billing

    Robert Billing

    Dag siden

    Great explanation, thanks. BTW when I was an undergraduate in Cambridge I used to walk past Dirac's rooms on the way to supervision every week. (New court St John's A staircase. )

  38. Clyde Cessna

    Clyde Cessna

    2 dager siden

    Geneva WAS the home of the League of Nations (The US refused to join) and IS home to certain organs of the UN like UNESCO.

  39. extremelydangerous

    extremelydangerous

    2 dager siden

    Anti made EASY!!! (1) get some UNUNPENTIUM at least 5% pure (needs some ultracentrifuge...) (2) put in a vacuum chamber inside a magnetic bottle the same you make with that anti hidrogen (3) fire a low speed proton bean over the ununpentium (4) the ununpentium nucleous breaks and result in one or more anti-protons per break (5) the anti-protons are stripped off the ununpentium with the magnetic + electric field and target into a thermocouple array (6) one side of the thermocouple is cold, other is heated by anti-protons... so a DC current is generated... (7) DONE... now go to sell to Greta Thumberg you will get billions in finance to solve the "how dare" problem with polution and energy generation SEE??? easy!!

  40. vclamp

    vclamp

    2 dager siden

    Well, it is not material, it is anti-material. Customs tried to bust me for smuggling 0.003 grams of anti-matter. I told them it was twice as much and that they should raise the fine to pad their paychecks. So they poured it onto the scale, and poof! they evidence disappeared and the charges were dropped. Because you know, SCIENCE! 😁

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