First Flight on Another Planet!

The Mars Helicopter aims to make the first powered flight on another planet when it takes off on Mars as part of the Mars 2020 mission. I learned a lot getting to visit the drone right before it was mounted on the rover.
How do you fly in 1% of Earth's atmosphere:
Have large rotors (they are 1.2m in diameter) and spin them very fast, around 2500 RPM (5x the speed of a helicopter on Earth).
Plus the aircraft has to be light:
The Mars helicopter weighs in at 1.8kg or around the same as a laptop. Every piece had to be stripped down for weight. Instead of using aerogel for insulation, the craft makes use of CO2 gaps between components. Even aerogel was too heavy!
One of the major challenges is surviving the Martian night:
Temperatures plunge to -80C to -100C so two thirds of the craft's power is actually used to keep its electronics warm. Only one third is used for flying. The estimated flight time is 90 seconds.
The craft can't be driven remotely, it will have to fly autonomously, using its own sensor suite to determine how to fly. The round trip 20 minute delay with Earth means steering the craft from mission control would be impossible.
Huge Thanks to Patreon Supporters:
Philipp Volgger, Chris Vargas, Ron Neal, Alfred Wallace, Colin Bellmore, Michael Krugman, James Knight, Donal Botkin, Sam Lutfi, Mohammed Al Sahaf, Kevin Beavers, Chuck Lauer Vose, Bryan Baker, James Wong, kkm, Manuel Zürcher, Tige Thorman, Jasper Xin, Leah Howard, Daniel Milum, Mathias Göransson, Stan Presolski, Lyvann Ferrusca, Arjun Chakroborty, June Kang, Listen Money Matters, Pindex, Joar Wandborg, DALE HORNE, Parker Linn, Roberto Rezende
Jonny Hyman was a legend in editing, animation, filming, and sound design for this video.

Kommentarer

  1. thenerdnetwork

    thenerdnetwork

    7 timer siden

    Hmm... sure seems like the $10 BILLION they spent on this project is worth it... meanwhile you can buy a drone at wal mart for under $100. I will tell ya what, if NASA cuts me a check for $5 billion I will tell them right now what they will find on that planet, spoiler... its red, rocky, dusty... and no life on it whatsoever... make the check payable to cash...ty.

  2. Deepyn dixies

    Deepyn dixies

    7 timer siden

    This mission is going to be a mess

  3. Oracle Davis

    Oracle Davis

    8 timer siden

    Attached two small Zeppelin shape balloon to provide lift for the device. Go figure it out.

  4. Cryptic Thunder

    Cryptic Thunder

    10 timer siden

    Wasting my tax money on this stupid thing when it could be going to real projects like going back to the moon.

  5. binaryalgorithm

    binaryalgorithm

    12 timer siden

    I'm thinking short flights/hops, recharge solar, repeat.

  6. DeinLieblingsTimmey

    DeinLieblingsTimmey

    12 timer siden

    U can visit mars with google earth (erath, moon, mars) - I found a place which was hand blurred with typical tools like photoshop or fireworks. It looks so strange, because it as not a quadrat, you have seen the brush tool circle here and there. I got interested in this space and zommed the max in. Near the hand blured line you can clearly see buildings. 90° angles, like "our" human buildings, near by near, some in the same size some a bit more complex.Since I found this place - I "know" we are already on mars and we have also build already buildings which are important enought to blur them by hand. I think its Tesla - or military - or both. But I guess its tesla. This is why I say to myself in that moment I have some dollars to spend for, I will buy as many tesla stocks as I can because I already know they only "try" to reach mars for public in 2020 and it will, oh wonder, be a success, and in 5 years it will go official and the stocks will raise hard.

  7. Juan Carlos Santilli

    Juan Carlos Santilli

    13 timer siden

    Are you sure coaxial rotors are more efficient??

  8. Coven of the Arks

    Coven of the Arks

    16 timer siden

    ---a story by a child who lost his desire to become a scientist - I WAS ONLY 10 IN THE 80'S, MY PARENTS BOUGHT ME A ROBOT, THAT JUST HAD A NUMBER PAD. THE ROBOT WOULD GO WHATEVER FEET I SPECIFIED, TURN A SPECIFIED DEGREE AND SEARCH AREAS BASED ON MY INSTRUCTIONS. IT WAS SO COOL TO WATCH. BUT AS A TEN YEAR OLD, THEY HAD NO CAMERAS OR AVOIDANCE SENSORS and, of course, no GPS.. I WAS IMPRESSED WITH IT. BUT ONE DAY WE WENT ON VACATION FOR ONE OR 2 WEEKS. WHILE WE WERE GONE , SOMEHOW, THE PILOT LIGHT IN OUR OIL HEATER FLAMED OUT. THE HOUSE , THE OIL, AND THE WATER IN THE PIPES FROZE. THE WATER EXPANDED, CRACKING THE PIPES, THUS, FLOODING THE HOUSE. THE UNFROZEN WATER FLOWED EVERYWHERE, TURNING THE HOUSE INTO A DISNEY MOVIE, "ICE QUEEN" OR "FROZEN" . MY LITTLE ROBOT WAS IN THE BASEMENT ON THE POOL TABLE, THE WATER PIPES EXPLODED ONTO IT AND FROZE EVERTHING IN ICE. EVERYTHING CRACKED , RIPPED APART, OR SHATTERED. IT WAS ONE OF THE WORST DAYS OF MY FAMILIE'S LIFE. I TRIED TO FIND ANOTHER ROBOT LIKE THAT ONE, BUT THEY DISCONTINUED MAKING THEM. SADDEST DAY OF MY LIFE. IT WAS LIKE HAVING MY OWN NASA ROBOT, ONLY I KNEW THE CODES TO ENTER INSTRUCTIONS. I CRIED FOR MONTHS (REMEMBER I WAS ONLY 9 OR 10).

  9. shivam suri

    shivam suri

    16 timer siden

    Hey there ! My dear friend. Awesome coverage on this mars helicopter. One thing I would like to know though, is 1.) what material has been used in the manufacture of propeller blades? 2.) Considered it would be flying at Mach 0.7, how would the aerodynamic parameters be concerned, with reference to the square shaped fuselage?

  10. Coven of the Arks

    Coven of the Arks

    16 timer siden

    GRAVITY OFFLOAD !? Because the atmosphere is much thinner on mars, this helicopter, tethered to a helium blimp or a gas blimp lighter than the air on mars would succeed in creating a longer flight time. ?. On earth many helicopter drone enthusiasts do not tether their heli drones to helium blimps, because they say it will cause too much drag. BUT ON MARS, WITH THE ATMOSPHERE THINNER, The drag wouldn't be as much of an issue and the Mars Heli drone could stay airborne much longer. I may be wrong. If NASA could explain why they can't float the heli drone for a minute or two, then release it; , it would be greatly appreciated. Heli , hell, shell, spinning, planet, hurricane, watch the poles of the helli. Trademark-- Need to heal, seel, shelly, helli, spinny, whiny. Space hurricane anyone?

  11. Coven of the Arks

    Coven of the Arks

    17 timer siden

    VE (veritas) .In Roman mythology, Veritas, meaning truth, is the goddess of truth, a daughter of Chronos, the Titan of Time. THEY CALL THEMSELVES VERITASIUM LIKE A CHEMICAL. FUNNY.

  12. Quantum Brotherhood

    Quantum Brotherhood

    17 timer siden

    Awesome

  13. Oathblivion

    Oathblivion

    17 timer siden

    It's super cool that they didn't use aerogel if it wasn't necessary because of weight. Those guys meant every word when they said every part was considered for weight. I can't wait to see what this thing can accomplish when it gets to Mars. edit: And it's just a tech demo? Maybe, but I think that's underestimating the potential of what 90s of flight with a color camera can uncover. :O

  14. Jake10454

    Jake10454

    18 timer siden

    The most important question: How long until we can fly it over Opportunity to blow the dust off her solar panels and revive her?

  15. Robust Misconception

    Robust Misconception

    18 timer siden

    I wonder if that 20 minutes latency problem can be fixed via a simulation with a memory buffer. We have pretty good cameras, I assume it is possible for an elite team of programmers to create a sort of 90 second simulation to be used for each hop. The pilot would have the option to discard the sequence of commands or send it to the drone to execute. I mean we know all these variables as air pressure and gravity in mars, I guess they should be able to work something out if they really want to be able to fly it manually on occasion.

  16. SuperFluctalFlight

    SuperFluctalFlight

    19 timer siden

    This topic would be perfect for a SmarterEveryDay collab... Destin did a whole series on the mechanics of helicopter flight.

  17. Rudy2k5

    Rudy2k5

    19 timer siden

    I would love to be on a Veritasium Airline ^_^

  18. John Leicester

    John Leicester

    20 timer siden

    You should send a Dirigible too

  19. Kiki Tay

    Kiki Tay

    20 timer siden

    in your face! Thunderf00t!

  20. CyberNonymous G

    CyberNonymous G

    21 time siden

    *the last day of final*

  21. Марко Пејић

    Марко Пејић

    22 timer siden

    I have one question, can He ballon fly on Mars?

  22. Qishi Li

    Qishi Li

    22 timer siden

    2:59 I don't get it. What's so funny?

  23. ben3847

    ben3847

    22 timer siden

    the martians gonna be spooked af

  24. Alex Whitton

    Alex Whitton

    22 timer siden

    5:43 imagine if you were an alien on Mars and you just hear that coming over the hill.

  25. Noah Nobody

    Noah Nobody

    22 timer siden

    Good'ol Jack Parsons Laboratories.

  26. TheBurek

    TheBurek

    23 timer siden

    You're overeastimating smartphone batteries. Around 4 Wh is the average nowadays, so that would be more like 10 batteries, not 3.

  27. v.v.v.v jojo

    v.v.v.v jojo

    Dag siden

    Tax money is wasted😥

  28. Rajas Bhide

    Rajas Bhide

    Dag siden

    I really feel bad that such a great informative video gets barely a million views and a minecraft video get 10 million... says more about us as people than about the content creators

  29. Richard Deese

    Richard Deese

    Dag siden

    Thanks! Wow! Between this & the Titan Dragonfly, NASA's getting bold! Way to go, folks! I'm lovin' it! The possibilities are endless. I can't wait until these missions get first flight. Keep up the great work. Thanks again. 𝓡𝓲𝓴𝓴𝓲 𝓣𝓲𝓴𝓴𝓲.

  30. True Crony

    True Crony

    Dag siden

    I rather see a fleet of weather balloons and/or quad-copters.

  31. Prodipta Ghosh

    Prodipta Ghosh

    Dag siden

    See Bob Balaram is an INDIAN he should be in ISRO

  32. Freddy Krueger

    Freddy Krueger

    Dag siden

    it would be great if they could find the Beagle 2 on Mars.

  33. Freddy Krueger

    Freddy Krueger

    Dag siden

    A Mars a day, Helps you work, rest & play.

  34. AwsomeLikeYou Bro

    AwsomeLikeYou Bro

    Dag siden

    3:00 my fake friend laugh be like😂✌️

  35. maskyschannel

    maskyschannel

    Dag siden

    Funky Aerodynamics should be the name of a band

  36. Cosmopolitan

    Cosmopolitan

    Dag siden

    Anybody notice that Derek has a cameraman?

  37. Jamesc00ls0x

    Jamesc00ls0x

    Dag siden

    Another amazing and educational video from my boi!

  38. Jan Sten Adámek

    Jan Sten Adámek

    Dag siden

    Seeing this helicopter, I wonder what has happened to that Mars plane. I heard about it years ago, yet it never took flight.

  39. annarboriter

    annarboriter

    Dag siden

    and which other planetary and lunar surfaces are potential candidates for this sort of drone craft?

  40. darthspeaks

    darthspeaks

    Dag siden

    The martian soil is about 15% iron. Imagine the amount of iron those magnets in those electronic drone would collect around them props.

  41. dreday92x

    dreday92x

    Dag siden

    so fascinating, i love how these scientists keep pretending we dont know how to create levatating planes or that mars is not full of life just like the moon, the same life that causes us to not visit the moon anymore...

    • Unknown Being

      Unknown Being

      18 timer siden

      Bruh what are you talking about

  42. NeonPinkful

    NeonPinkful

    Dag siden

    The most amazing fact about this thing is the price efficiency! I imagine a rover is quite a lot more expensive .

  43. Judess 69er

    Judess 69er

    Dag siden

    why don't they just use atomic batteries in the drone o.o' i mean its not like its gonna be around humans on mars o.o' probably wont ever have to recharge the thing in its lifetime

  44. kim ahlmann

    kim ahlmann

    Dag siden

    hehe 11 o clock mars time

  45. jbbudish

    jbbudish

    Dag siden

    I could make it lighter. (Could also carry more sensors and equipment, with longer flight time) Terrible design really. Why!?!

  46. jack jones

    jack jones

    Dag siden

    Cydonia Mensa flight ha ha

  47. Just TR Stuffs

    Just TR Stuffs

    Dag siden

    Balaram knows his stuff!

  48. Thomas Queiroz

    Thomas Queiroz

    Dag siden

    I would like to know why didn’t they choose a fixed wing drone instead of the rotating wing model. It looks like it would have quite more flight time, plus they could use solar panels on the huge wings, providing power during the flight. I know there are no runways on mars, but there are solutions to that.

    • The Lukay

      The Lukay

      20 timer siden

      too much weight

  49. CoReeYe

    CoReeYe

    Dag siden

    china gonna watch this video and copy all the tech

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      there isn't really anything good here. in fact, there are a number of things that could be improved with knowledge and funding beyond what Nasa is already getting that the military complex isn't siphoning away.

  50. Thang Laka

    Thang Laka

    Dag siden

    _Burmese Lady explained good_

  51. Imoisili Danene

    Imoisili Danene

    Dag siden

    I wonder how that sound will wake up those aliens from sleep on Mars hummm😕😕

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      sounds unrealistic

  52. Yassine

    Yassine

    Dag siden

    i wonder to see how this helicopter will endure mars storms

  53. teoman caglar

    teoman caglar

    Dag siden

    why dont they try a zeppelin covered with thin flexible solar panel

    • Ayren Draganas

      Ayren Draganas

      20 timer siden

      not feasible with that thin of an atmosphere

  54. No One

    No One

    Dag siden

    Martians will be like, ahh here we go again.

    • No One

      No One

      Dag siden

      @SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation Whoosh -->

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      what martians.

  55. Richard King

    Richard King

    Dag siden

    Wouldn't a dirigible craft be a lot simpler?

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      mars.nasa.gov/programmissions/missions/missiontypes/balloons/

  56. George Costarica

    George Costarica

    Dag siden

    The camera man has parkinsons

  57. Денис Наумов

    Денис Наумов

    Dag siden

    Почему интересно не сделали вертолёт спутником ровера? С «вертолётной» площадкой на ровере и дополнительной возможностью беспроводной зарядки вертолёта от солнечных батарей / батарей ровера. Кто сможет корректно на английский перевести - переведите плиз, буду благодарен.

  58. ARITRA MUKHERJEE

    ARITRA MUKHERJEE

    Dag siden

    Also good to know that the chief engineer is an IITian www-robotics.jpl.nasa.gov/people/J_Balaram/

  59. ARITRA MUKHERJEE

    ARITRA MUKHERJEE

    Dag siden

    The first flight on earth lasted 59 seconds, the first flight on mars gonna last 90 seconds (at least that is expected). That's a really long haul!

  60. FIGHTTHECABLE

    FIGHTTHECABLE

    Dag siden

    So I am sure this has been studied and all difficulties answered. Yet I ask: -when the Helicopter lands, creating dust, how is dust going to be kept off the PVP? -will the weight of sand disturb flight charasteristics? -will sand at take off and landing not sand through those blades, as they are spinning at 23'000 - 29'000 rpm? -are all the sensors (i.e. Gyroscope) calibrated to the Mars Atmosphere? -will UV radiation have an effect on the carbon fiber blades? -why did you not send 2, incase one fails?

    • Lorefin Stardust

      Lorefin Stardust

      Dag siden

      yes

  61. Ramiel

    Ramiel

    Dag siden

    Why wouldn't they use a nuclear thermal generator as the power source? Keeps itself worm, could fly for years, send a signal to Earth, could fly at night, could fly on the poles, craters, canyons, with aerial photography it could technically give us a google street view of the planet... Nop batteries.

  62. Fernando Soltero

    Fernando Soltero

    Dag siden

    To make people believe that yea the things flying around is the just new helicopter

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      what?

  63. Billy Bob John

    Billy Bob John

    Dag siden

    Cool, however I've always wondered why a blimp was never considered?

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      material need to encapsulate the pressurized gas would outweigh the benefit. on earth it was tough for any blimp, and still is, to lift any considerable amount of weight.

  64. Савл Апостолов

    Савл Апостолов

    Dag siden

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flight_altitude_record NOT SR-71, but MiG-25 absolute record. Not 25,9 km, but 37 650 m. So...

  65. Chris Robles

    Chris Robles

    Dag siden

    I like there are exactly 4096 comments at this point of me watching this video.

  66. Roxelle a

    Roxelle a

    Dag siden

    my uni physics teacher at usyd used to always talk about this guy and how they became friends when he was undertaking his phd program.

    • Roxelle a

      Roxelle a

      7 timer siden

      @Bobby Mulligan She talked about how passionate he was about teaching physics in simple, enjoyable ways :)

    • Bobby Mulligan

      Bobby Mulligan

      Dag siden

      What did he say about him?

  67. Datataker 10

    Datataker 10

    Dag siden

    Balloons don't work on Mars, why would a helicopter ?

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      balloons need to have enough bouyancy to float at all times, always putting in enough energy to counter gravity. the little copter only needs to do it for a short time in bursts.

  68. Noah Granger

    Noah Granger

    Dag siden

    Question: would any sort of fixed wing air craft be feasible on mars, i imagine the low atmospheric pressure would make lift generation difficult?

    • Noah Granger

      Noah Granger

      Dag siden

      @SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation Yes, a craft would have to fly at great speed. I wonder could our lord and savior musk, skip a craft off and around the atmosphere as has been done on earth...

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      If you design it as a VTOL, and have like 90+% of it be airfoil surface, sure. How are you going to get a VTOL flying wing, though, is the question.. and it would need to fly at close to or greater than mach 0.7 on mars, have its own lightweight fuel, essentially you are thinking of making a gliding rocket. Now a high speed rail system would be much more suited for Mars as Lord Elon won't have to worry about pumping down a massive tube there!

  69. danny Dts

    danny Dts

    Dag siden

    Release helium balloon in dense atmosphere and helicopter in dummy thin air. Genius

    • danaphanous

      danaphanous

      18 timer siden

      Helium balloons worked great on Venus because the atmosphere was dense and mostly CO2. Similarly, copter was truly the best solution for mars here. They are studying flight dynamics and need a controllable/repeatable flight design they can test day after day.

  70. The Great Green Bus - Skoolie Life

    The Great Green Bus - Skoolie Life

    Dag siden

    Cant wait to see an animation of it in action 🤣

  71. Nicolas Eubanks

    Nicolas Eubanks

    Dag siden

    I’m just here to contest your “highest a plane has ever flown” comment of 85k ft in the SR71. By multiple definitions this is wrong. Several jet aircraft have made it over 100k ft.. F15 up to 103k ft, Mig 25 up to 123k ft. Don’t even @ me with ceiling definitions. “Plane has ever flown” does not mean “plane has ever been capable of cruising at”.

  72. Иван Барынкин

    Иван Барынкин

    Dag siden

    I do not want to seem like an upstart, but why did the engineers use the bdc motor instead of the bldc? Efficiency of the bldc engine is larger and more compact.

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      good point! It may have saved weight on the amount of electronics they needed to haul around to operate the motor.

  73. Karan Shah

    Karan Shah

    Dag siden

    What if this thing topples over? How does it get back in the air?

  74. Karan Shah

    Karan Shah

    Dag siden

    This video has the best comments ever! Make sure to read all above and below this😍 Video. Ofcourse. Watch that first.

  75. Ali Soukarieh

    Ali Soukarieh

    Dag siden

    Can you make a video abt piezoelectricity plz :))

  76. karthik krishna

    karthik krishna

    2 dager siden

    This could be the data analysis for the future nuclear powered drone, which can probably cover the entire mars at one charge.

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      extremely heavy. they are being restricted on how much plutonium they can get for any space missions. not that its really in short supply or anything.

  77. Benjamín Ruiz

    Benjamín Ruiz

    2 dager siden

    I really love your videos! But I would love to get visuals for the scales and numbers presented. As non-native speaker it's sometimes hard to follow a bunch of big numbers in a row :)

    • Volodymyr Pavlov

      Volodymyr Pavlov

      22 timer siden

      The video has accurate English subtitles with all the numbers, should help in both understanding the speech and the numbers :)

  78. Shikhar Bhargava

    Shikhar Bhargava

    2 dager siden

    Your reflection in the mirror behind you a little distracting. However, a nice and informative video.

  79. cryptout

    cryptout

    2 dager siden

    As a hobby drone enthusiasts I think this is awesome although I do think 90 seconds flight is a bit disappointing. 👍

    • SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      SheLovesItWhenYouPullOutThatPhenomenalDissertation

      Dag siden

      there is a LOT of room for improvement when it comes to batteries. and batteries that can take the temperature swings of mars. you should research that and improve upon power density! The little copter might be restricted by the lighter weight single crystal silicon solar panels, too. not the most efficient variety out there, but priority is light weight if you can't even use aerogel.

  80. nam nguyen

    nam nguyen

    2 dager siden

    Tại sao không thiết kế pin năng lượng trên cánh của máy bay này

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